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The Symphorus mithraeum from Aquincum

August 26, 2018

The Symphorus mithraeum (known also as Mithraeum IV) was discovered in Aquincum (Óbuda, Budapest, Hungary) in 1941 by Tibor Nagy. It was listed also by M. J. Vermaseren in his monumental corpus (CIMRM 1767). His important excavation from that period was just recently reinterpreted by the excavations of Paula Zsidi (1999-2000) and Orsolya Láng (2017). The sanctuary was discovered in the vicinity of the south-wall of the civilian town, around 150 meters south from the Victorinus mithraeum (known also as Mithraeum II). It was the fourth sanctuary dedicated to Mithras, today there are 5 known in the conurbation of Aquincum.

The archaeological material of the sanctuary is one of the richest in Aquincum: frescoes, terracotta Mithras tauroctony, interesting globe-shaped stones, altars, rich pottery and glass material was discovered here. The sanctuary was recently reconstructed, the archaeological material is well preserved and presented in a nice manner. It is one of the best reconstructed sanctuaries in Hungary, together with the Fertőrákos mithraeum and the Iseum of Savaria. A booklet presenting the sanctuary is in preparation by the excavators.

Photos from the reconstructed building and its rich material (Szabó Cs. 2018)

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